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ADN Philosophy of Nursing & Nursing Practice


The faculty members of the Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) Program uphold the mission statement of Long Beach City College, a commitment to excellence and supporting the intellectual, cultural, economic and civic development of our students. The program is in compliance with the non-discrimination policies of the college as stated in the college catalogue. Orem's Self-care theory and the nursing process are used to develop and guide the curriculum content.


The faculty view individuals as complex beings with biophysical, psychosocial, emotional, spiritual, and cultural needs. As members of society, individuals are deserving of respect for their innate human uniqueness. People are capable of taking an active role in providing their own self-care. The faculty believes that individuals are rational and social beings who interact with their environments.

The faculty believes that individuals are human beings who continuously contribute to their own health and well-being. All humans practice self-care activities that are initiated and performed on their own behalf in maintaining life, health, and well-being. Nursing and other health services are used when individuals are incapable of continuous self-care. Nursing systems are formed when nurses use their abilities to prescribe, design, and provide nursing for individuals by performing discrete actions. These actions regulate the value of the individual's capabilities to engage in self-care and meet the self-care requisites of the individual therapeutically.

Art and Science of Nursing

The faculty believes that the practice of nursing is an art and science based on biological, physical, behavioral and nursing sciences. The faculty believe that the art of nursing is practiced by 'doing for' the individual with a disability, by 'helping him to do for himself' and /or by helping him to learn to do for himself. The faculty believes nursing is a holistic endeavor and seeks to help patients achieve an independent state of well being/self care based on individual differences and respect for human dignity.

Nursing Education

The faculty is committed to an educational philosophy that emphasizes demonstrated competency both theoretical and clinical,  using a simple to complex learning approach. Learning is a lifelong, self-initiated process by which knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values are acquired. Learning occurs independently through perception, assimilation, formulation, and synthesis. The program is designed to meet the educational needs of an ethnically and culturally diverse population of learners by recognizing their diverse learning styles. The faculty prepares students for the present and future nursing needs of the community within ever changing healthcare delivery systems using a multidisciplinary approach. The faculty fosters learning by encouraging the utilization of current technology and all available support systems.

The faculty believes that evidence based teaching and practice is critical to the successful production of safe practitioners and professional nurses. The professional role of the nurse is embraced and taught with an emphasis on critical thinking, communication and collaboration. As a patient advocate, the nurse is responsible for managing all aspects of patient care and coordinating optimal patient outcomes with consideration to the various multicultural needs of and diverse backgrounds within the community.

Core Concepts

We believe that the Associate Degree nurse is prepared to fulfill an important role in providing quality, cost effective nursing care within the current and future healthcare delivery systems. The faculty believes that the practice of nursing is based on the National League for Nursing educational outcomes as well as the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses related to the core components of associate degree graduates. The following concepts are introduced in the first nursing course and are integrated throughout the program:

  • Professional Role
  • Communication
  • Orem's Self-Care Theory as it relates to the Nursing Process
  • Critical Thinking
  • Safety
  • Teaching and learning
  • Collaborative management of care